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Kenya

Country Profiles

Official Name: The Republic of Kenya
Capital: Nairobi
Language(s): English (official), Kiswahili
Land area: 582,646 sq km
Population: 41 million
Religion(s): Protestant 45%, Roman Catholic 33%, Muslim 12%, indigenous beliefs 10%,
Currency: Kenyan Shilling (KSH)
 

Natural environment 

 Kenya lies across the equator in east-central Africa, on the coast of the Indian Ocean. It is twice the size of Nevada. Kenya borders Somalia to the east, Ethiopia to the north, Tanzania to the south, Uganda to the west, and Sudan to the northwest. In the north, the land is arid; the southwest corner is in the fertile Lake Victoria Basin; and a length of the eastern depression of the Great Rift Valley separates western highlands from those that rise from the lowland coastal strip.
 

Economic Circumstances

Although Kenya's economic performance has exceeded that of most other African nations, the benefits of this growth have been seriously diluted by a variety of factors. The large population growth, increasing economic inequality, and environmental deterioration have negatively affected Kenya. Kenya has a per capita income of less than $400.

Agriculture is the leading economic sector, accounting for 25% of the gross domestic product (GDP). Agriculture employs about 75-80% of working Kenyans. The main export commodities of Kenya is tea, coffee, flowers, cement, sisal, pyrethrum, soda ash, leather, meat and oil products; major imports are crude oil, machinery, steel, vehicles, medicines, fertilizers and so on. Major trading partners of Kenya including eastern and southern African countries and the United Kingdom, Germany, the Netherlands, the United States, Japan and other countries.

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