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Country Profiles

Official name: The Federal Republic of Nigeria
Population: 154.7 million (UN, 2009)
Capital: Abuja
Largest city: Lagos
Area: 923,768 sq km (356,669 sq miles)
Major languages: English (official), Yoruba, Ibo, Hausa
Major religions: Islam, Christianity, indigenous beliefs

Natural environment

Nigeria, one-third larger than Texas and the most populous country in Africa, is situated on the Gulf of Guinea in West Africa. Its neighbors are Benin, Niger, Cameroon, and Chad. The lower course of the Niger River flows south through the western part of the country into the Gulf of Guinea. Swamps and mangrove forests border the southern coast; inland are hardwood forests.

Economic Circumstances

Nigeria is the world’s 11th largest producer of oil with a current output of 2.2 million barrels per day (mbpd) of quality crude. Current capacity is closer to 3mbpd, but a poor security situation prevents higher production and makes it less likely the target of 4 mbpd by 2010 will be achieved. Although there has been increasing focus on diversifying the economy, it is still highly dependent on the oil/gas sector and is sensitive to price fluctuations. In 2006, oil accounted for just over one fifth of GDP, 85% of government revenue and over 90% of export earnings. Agriculture accounted for around 40% of GDP employing around 70% of the population, the services sector for just over 30% and manufacturing 5%

Culture Background

As early as two thousand years ago, Nigeria has a developed culture. The famous Nock, Fay and Benin culture made Nigeria enjoy "the cradle of the black & African cultural" in the world.

After the independence, the Nigerian modern art, folk literature, music, dance, painting and others have rapid development, which resulting in a number of well-known novelist, dramatist, poet and performance artist.

In 1977, Nigeria hosted the Second World Black and African Arts and Culture Festival. In 1986, the famous novelist, poet and dramatist Wall • Soyinka won the Nobel Prize for Literature, was the first black African writer to be so honored.

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